Jaundice is a condition that causes a yellow discoloration on the skin and eyes. It occurs when bilirubin, a yellow bile pigment in your blood, is in excess. That could mean two things;
ü Too much production of bilirubin in your body or
ü Your body is not fast enough to get rid of the bilirubin
Jaundice is common in babies, in particular infants. In most cases, this disappears on its own after a short time. But there are few instances where the condition can worsen and cause severe complications.
Also, adults can get jaundice due to an underlying health condition.
Bilirubin production occurs in three stages, before, during, and after production. A problem at any one of those three points can cause jaundice.
At this point, you may get a condition known as unconjugated jaundice caused by
· Reabsorption of a large hematoma
· Hemolytic anemia
Causes of jaundice during bilirubin production include
· Viruses including Epstein-Barr virus infection, Hepatitis A, Chronic Hepatitis B and C
· Autoimmune disorders
· Medicines; penicillin, acetaminophen toxicity, oral contraceptives
· Rare genetic metabolic defects
After the production of bilirubin, jaundice can be caused due to blocked bile ducts caused by
· Pancreatic tumor
· Gallbladder cancer
· Inflammation of the gallbladder
· Jaundice: Symptoms
Jaundice is a symptom by itself to indicate that you have a medical condition. And as you can see above, that could be anything including gallbladder cancer and other severe illnesses.
So, if you have jaundice, you have to find the best gastroenterologist hospital in Mumbai to determine the actual cause and get treatment. You need to know all the symptoms of jaundice for early detection.
Apart from the yellow discoloration, here are a few more of the most common ones,
· Dark-colored urine
· Clay-colored stool
· Abdominal pain
· Flu-like symptoms
· Itchy skin (pruritis)
· Bloody stool
· Bloody vomit
· Easy bruising
· Confusion of the mind
· Sudden drowsiness
· Weight loss